The existence of Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Jesus Christ, is a matter of historical debate and religious belief. Most historians agree that Jesus was a real historical figure who lived in the 1st century CE, although there is ongoing debate about the details of his life and the accuracy of the accounts in the New Testament.
The primary sources of information about Jesus are the four canonical Gospels in the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These texts were written several decades after Jesus’ death and provide accounts of his life, teachings, crucifixion, and resurrection. However, the Gospels are religious texts, and their historical accuracy has been questioned by some scholars.
In addition to the New Testament, there are a few non-Christian sources from the 1st and 2nd centuries that mention Jesus. These include the Jewish historian Josephus, the Roman historian Tacitus, and the Roman governor Pliny the Younger. Although these sources do not provide detailed accounts of Jesus’ life, they do offer some independent confirmation of his existence.
While the majority of scholars agree that Jesus was a real historical figure, there is still debate about the extent to which the stories in the New Testament accurately represent his life and teachings. Some argue that the Gospels contain embellishments, while others maintain that they are reliable accounts. Ultimately, whether or not one believes in the existence of Jesus often depends on one’s religious beliefs, interpretation of historical evidence, and philosophical outlook.